X-ray Heart Borders

X-ray Heart Borders, X-ray, heart borders, radiological, radiology, heart x-ray, chest x-ray, heart borders on x-ray, determination of heart borders

According to the radiograph of the chest, the boundaries of the heart are formed:

  • The right border of the heart is the superior vena cava, the right atrium. The anterior wall of the heart is the right ventricle.
  • Left border of the heart – aortic arch, left pulmonary artery, left atrium, left ventricle
  • The lower border of the heart is the left ventricle.


  • The right border extends between the margin of the third right costal cartilage to the sixth right costal cartilage just to the right of the sternum.
  • The left border extends between the fifth left intercostal space to the second left costal cartilage.
  • The inferior border extends from the sixth right costal cartilage to the fifth left intercostal space at the midclavicular line.
  • The superior border extends from the inferior margin of the second left costal cartilage to the superior margin of the third costal cartilage.


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Interactive OSCE Checklist – Emergency care of a patient with chest pain – Acute Coronary Syndrome with ST-segment elevation and equivalents

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• Opening the consultation

• Availability of a defibrillator

• Presenting complaint

• History of presenting complaint

• Past medical history

• Drug history

• Physical examination

• Intravenous access

• Registration of a 12-channel ECG

• Express test for the determination of cardiac troponin, myoglobin, creatine phosphokinase-MB, if possible

• Making preliminary diagnosis

• Drug therapy (basic)

• Evaluation of the door-balloon time (the choice of further reperfusion strategy aimed as soon as possible to restore the coronary blood flow in the infarct-dependent artery)

• Call the nearest reperfusion center

• P2Y12 receptor inhibitor prescription depending on the chosen strategy of reperfusion therapy

• Carrying out thrombolytic therapy as needed

• Transportation to the nearest reperfusion center

Total: 0 / 62
Additional materials: https://clincasequest.hospital/chest-pain-history-taking/ https://clincasequest.hospital/pericarditis/ https://clincasequest.hospital/stephen-smiths-formula/ https://clincasequest.hospital/wellens-syndrome/ https://clincasequest.hospital/aslangers-pattern/ Register on our website right…
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Interactive OSCE Checklist – Counseling a Patient with an increased INR level

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• Opening the consultation

• Ideas, concerns, complications and expectations

• Analysis of earlier, current INR results, apropriate INR target range and current warfarin dosing

• Analysis of the factors that may affect the increased INR level

• Providing medical care to the patient if necessary

• Bleeding whilst taking warfarin

• How to take warfarin

• Tips for further warfarin dosing according to the analysis of the reasons that led to the INR levels increase

• Lifestyle advice

• Yellow booklets and alert card

• Closing the consultation

• Key communication skills

• Key clinical skills

Total: 0 / 50
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